Types of Universities in USA

One of the most attractive features of the U.S. Higher Education system is the flexibility it provides through the number (more than 4,500 accredited institutions) and diversity of institution types it encompasses.  Listing some of the institute types below –

  1. Public Universities – These are state-financed institutions and are generally substantial in size. Foreign students pay out-of-state educational cost, which is regularly higher than that paid by in-state residents. However, educational cost charges at state funded colleges are for the most part less expensive than private colleges. Below are few public colleges in the United States-
  • Arizona State University, Arizona
  • College of William and Mary, Virginia
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • University of South Carolina, South Carolina
  • Ohio State University, Ohio
  1. Private Universities – These are upheld by tuition fees and private donations. They usually have a smaller student body, close-knit campus community and are more expensive to attend. However, private colleges generally have better campus facilities on offer (you get what you pay for!) and more funding put aside for international students, particularly need-based scholarships. Below are few private colleges in the United States-
  • Harvard University, Massachusetts
  • Stanford University, California
  • Yale University, Connecticut
  • Brown University, Rhode Island
  • Columbia University, New York
  1. Ivy League – Many students are amazed to find that the Ivy League is actually a sports conference of eight private schools in the Northeast. With numerous institutions established in provincial times, the Ivy League incorporates a portion of the most seasoned advanced education foundations in the US, which are frequently seen to be probably the most prestigious and aggressive for confirmations (normal acknowledgment rates are around 10%). Ivy League colleges include –
  1. Public Ivy – It is a term coined in the 1980s to depict a group of more than 30 state-supported or state funded colleges in the US. This is not an official classification of colleges; rather these colleges have earned a reputation in the minds of students as offering generally as prestigious and scholastically thorough an education as the Ivies and brand name private colleges, though at a lower cost. The first eight Public Ivies include-
  1. The Liberal Arts Philosophy Institutions – These, by and large, focus on undergraduate students, advancing a balanced scholarly instruction that builds up the student’s verbal, composed and thinking aptitudes. Students start their degree study by taking classes in a wide assortment of courses in expressions of the human experience, humanities, dialects and the social and physical sciences before practicing (majoring) in a specific field. Most US degrees tail this theory, yet liberal arts colleges are small organizations focused on the undergrad investigation of aesthetic sciences/sciences. The primary focus for faculty is on undergraduate teaching rather than research, with a small student population and high student to faculty ratio.
  1. Specialist Institutions – These are colleges and organizations that have some expertise in giving degrees in a specific field. Some examples are MIT(Massachusetts) and CalTech(California), which concentrate on scientific and technological research; Juilliard, which is a center for performing arts; Berklee, having expertise in music; and SCAD(Georgia), which focus in visual and applied arts.
  1. Land Grant Universities – These are large, publicly-funded universities that are well-known for their programs. A land-grant university is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890. The Morrill Acts funded educational institutions by granting federally controlled land to the states for them to sell, to raise funds, to establish and endow “land-grant” colleges.
  1. The Association of American Universities (AAU) – It is a membership association, involving 62 leading research colleges in the US and Canada. Colleges might be welcomed for participation in light of the quality of their academic research and scholarship, in addition to the education programs they offer. The listed colleges are to some degree akin to Russell Group colleges in the UK.
  1. Women’s Institutions – If you need to study in a ladies’ school in USA, these universities are the best alternative for you.
  1. Distance Education – It permits both students and professionals to gain a degree or certificate without being physically present at the university. Qualification offerings include high-school diplomas, undergraduate and postgraduate degrees and certificate programs. A few programs have a set due date for completion, while others permit students to work at their own particular pace inside specific rules.
  1. US Universities Abroad –It is possible to obtain an undergraduate degree following a US curriculum at an institution located outside the US. Some US universities are beginning to open overseas campuses, and other foreign institutions and universities offer US-style degrees. These type of Universities which are not located in US, but follow US University rules and curriculum are known as US Universities Abroad. Below are some examples of such Universities-
  • American Institute of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan
  • New York University Shanghai, Shanghai, China
  • American University in London, London, Uk
  • American University in Dubai, Dubai, UAE

With this kind of U.S. Higher Education options available, international students are sure to find the right fit for their academic, financial and personal goals.

 

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